The great philosopher St Augustine identified Time when he wrote: "I have therefore come to the conclusion that time is nothing other than tension: but tension of what, I do not know, and I would be very surprised if it is not tension of consciousness itself." Philosopher Henri Bergson identified this Time as "conscious states from within melting into one another and forming an organic whole." Philosopher Immanuel Kant identified this Time as "nothing else than the form of the internal sense, that is, of the intuitions of self and of our internal state." Philosopher Martin Heidegger identified this Time as "Temporality, the very basis of the primordial totality of factical Da-sein with regard to its possibilities of authentic an inauthentic existing." This Time (the real Time), is the continuum of the existential states of awareness established by the force of being. It is different from clock time, which Bergson defined as the measurement of simultaneity and which Heidegger called the "vulgar understanding" of time. Clock time is the experience of time, the "snapshots" of the unfolding of the continuum of existential states of awareness. In other words, clock time is nothing more than a "snapshot' of the real Time. The first "snapshot" is the Time of Birth (Tb); and the last "snapshot" is the Time of Death (Td). In between the time of birth and the time of death are the numerous "snapshots" that constitute the Time in Between (Ti). In essence, Time is not any "t" as is generally supposed. Time is the closed interval [ Tb Td ]. This Time is constituted by its triadic structure: the Time of Birth, (Tb); the Time in Between (Ti) and the Time of Death (Td). The totality of which is being.
The absoluteness of Time has to do with the unchangeability of its triadic structure. It is possible to show mathematically, that given a being with the triadic structure of Tb, Ti and Td in a Euclidean or a non-Euclidean Space, Tb is the lower boundary point ; Ti = Td - Tb represents the set of interior points; and Td the upper boundary point of the continuum of the existential states of awareness of the being. The mathematics is not presented here because I want to reduce the terseness of the presentation.
Now, the objective is to show that the triadic structure of Time is independent of the coordinate frame of reference. In other words, if the structural components of Time: tb, td, and ti = td - tb, are triadically established in a given co-ordinate system K, does an observer in the co-ordinate system K', moving at a constant velocity v, away from K in the direction of the x axis, observe the triadic nature of the structural components? Please note that by structural "sameness," I do not mean equality of "duration. Let tb be the time of birth of an entity in K, and td be its time of death. Then, its time in between ti = td - tb. The equivalent structural components of this entity's Time in K' are given by the time equation of the Lorenz transformation as follows:
t'b = (1 - v/c)tb/[1 - v2/c2]1/2
t'd = (1 - v/c)td/[1 - v2/c2]1/2
t'i = t'd - t'b = ( td - tb) (1 - v/c)/[1 - v2/c2]1/2
Now since c, the velocity of light is always greater than v, the velocity of K', we have that t'b, t'd and t'i always exist whenever tb, td and ti exist. The converse is also always true. The duration t'i is smaller that the duration ti, but the triadic structure of the Time of the entity is maintained. It is in this sense that Time is absolute. Existence as we know it vanishes or is non existent when v = c.
God's Time ( the Time God established by the introduction of matter into a priori Space) is absolute. The clock was invented by humans for the purpose of measuring the continuum of existential states of awareness. This continuum existed before the clock and its existence is independent of the clock. God created Time as a triadic structure, and monitors it structurally, not by clock measurements. The triadic structure of Time is the framework for the realization of the fundamental dual desires that constitute the relativity of space. Each entity is a triadic time-structure that is always structurally the same no matter the frame of reference. However, an entity's experience of time within its triadic structure is relative and dependent on the frame of reference. The spread, or duration of ti does not have to be the same. It is also relative and dependent on the frame of reference. The end of God's time will occur when a priori Space is returned to its initial void state, that is, when the Universe is no more. Who among current mortals will observe this end? Absolutely no one!
Peter Oye Sagay