*Forgiveness* is the nullification and voidance of a *wrong*
by the one who is *wronged* (the *wrongee*). The perpetuator of the *wrong* is the *wronger*. *Forgiveness* consist of three primary states:

S_{1}----------------------S_{2}----------------------S_{3}

Where S_{1} = Pre-wronged state; S_{2} = Wronged state; S_{3} = Forgiveness state. The transition from S_{2} to S_{3} is directly dependent on the *wronger's* *repentance* and the *wrongee's* *acceptance* of the *repentance*. This dependence can be summarized by the following linear equation:

f = ar + c--------------(1)

In equation (1), *f* represents a *forgiveness state* for a given degree of *repentance* *r*, and *acceptance* *a*, of the *repentance*. The slope of the graph of equation (1) is represented by *a *. A *forgiveness* state without *repentance* is represented by *f* intercept of the graph of **f** vs **r** (figure 1).

The interpretation of equation (1) is based on the slope of its graph, that is, the *acceptance* of a given *repentance*. Consider figure 1. It consists of graphs of equation (1) for four different values of the slope, *a*:

**a** = 0 (line KN), **a** = 1(line OD),
**a** > 1 (line OB) and **a** < 1(line OM).
The case of **a** = 0 represents the situation whereby there is no *wronger's repentance*, yet there is some degree of *forgiveness*
by the *wrongee*, that is represented by the value **c** in fig. 1. Usually, in this situation, the
*wrongee's* need to offload the emotional burden of the *wrong* supercedes
his or her desire for the *wronger's* *repentance*.
In the case of **a** =1
the *wrongee's acceptance to rejection ratio* with respect to the *wronger's repentance* is 1:1.
When **a** > 1, the *wrongee* is more likely to *accept* the *wronger's repentance* than reject it.
When **a** < 1, the *wrongee* is more likely to *reject* the *wronger's repentance* than accept it.

Essentially, a *wrongee's acceptance* of a *wronger's repentance* is the key determinant of whether or not *total forgiveness* is realized.
The severity of a *wrong* and the nature of the *wrongee* influence the *wrongee's* willingness to accept the *wronger's true repentance*.
*Forgiveness* without *true repentance* is shallow and often transient.

Peter Oye Sagay